Top Diabetes Topics

Type I diabetes

Type I diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body’s immune system destroys the calls in pancreas that produce insulin. It mostly occurs in children and young adults. Type I diabetes is treatable and healthy life choices can help reduce the negative effects.

It usually starts when you are a child or young adult, but it can occur at any age. It is treated by taking daily insulin shots or using an insulin pump and by following a special meal plan. About 5 to 10 percent of cases of diabetes are type 1.

Type II diabetes

Type II diabetes is a long term disease that is caused by high blood sugar levels in the blood. In patients with this type of diabetes, the cells do not respond to insulin (insulin resistance) or require higher amounts to be released. Eventually, the glucose ends up in to the blood stream and patient develops symptoms related to high sugar amounts in the blood. These symptoms are mild at first and often go unnoticed. Over time, it can cause lasting damage to blood vessels and other vital body organs. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs when your body cannot make adequate use of sugar in the blood during pregnancy. The baby gets extra calories from the sugar and stores them as fat. This can make your baby weigh more at birth and make delivery harder. This will also lead to low blood sugar levels in the new born. Gestational Diabetes usually occurs after the 24th week of pregnanacy when the body makes large amounts of hormones to help the baby grow. These hormones affect the working of the Insulin and this results in glucose staying in the bloodstream

Diabetes Prevention

Make diabetes prevention a priority if you are overweight or have a family history of diabetes. This is especially the case withType 2 diabetes. Diabetes prevention is as basic as eating a healthy diet to becoming physically more active and loosing the extra kilos.

Tips

Get more physical activity.
Get plenty of fibre in your food
Go for whole grains.
Loose extra weight

Insulin

Insulin is a hormone that is central to regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue to take up glucose from the blood, storing it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. When control of insulin levels fails, diabetes mellitus will result.

When to start Insulin injections in Diabetics

In children below 25 years old if Diabetes occurs ( Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus)
During pregnanacy if diabetes is present ( Gestational Diabetes)
In adults above 25 years old ( Type 2 diabetes mellitus) if tablets alone do not control the blood sugar levels. Normally this happens after 10 years of starting of diabetes
during infections and surgeries, insulin may have to be given in case of type 2 diabetics
Once started, should insulin be taken life long?

Once started, should insulin be taken life long?

in children ( Type1 Diabetes Mellitus) insulin has to be taken throughout their life for survival
During pregnancy( Gestationsl Diabetes), till delivery , insulin has to be given
In adults( Type 2 Diabetes) if tablets are not giving adequate control of blood sugar levels, insulin has to be given.
If insulin is given during infections, surgeries, it can be withdrawn once the patient recovers from that

Blood Glucose

The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human. Normal level of sugar in blood before your meal is between 70 and 110 mg/dl. After food, level will rise in between 100 to 140. The increased level of blood sugar above 140 mg/dl is considered to be the symptoms of diabetics. Low level of sugar, below 70 is also dangerous and is known as Hypoglycemia

The main test used to measure diabetes is Fasting Plasma Glucose Test, the direct measurement of glucose levels in the blood after an 8 hour (overnight) fast. Fasting Plasma Glucose test is positive when the value of elevated blood sugar level is above 140 mg/dl after an overnight fast. If the value is above 140 mg/dl on at least two occasions, it means that a person has diabetes. Normal people have fasting sugar levels that generally run between 70-110 mg/dl.


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