Effective management of diabetes cannot be achieved without an appropriate diet. A healthy diet is one which is low in fat, sugar and salt, but high in fiber with plenty of fruit and vegetables. Please consult your dietitian and they will tell you what foods to include in your diet to match your specific needs and the best times to eat them, to ensure you get the right amount of glucose in your body for the insulin you are taking (if you are on insulin treatment).
Regular physical activity is vital for anyone with diabetes as it lowers blood glucose levels and also reduces the risk of developing long-term complications including heart disease. At least 30 minutes of moderate exercise, or 15 minutes of intense exercise, at least five times a week, is normally recommended. But please consult your doctor who will advice you regarding the exercise regimen you should undergo and the precautions you should take.
People who have diabetes and also smoke are at an increased risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack or stroke. Smoking also increases the risk of developing lung cancer and other health problems
Never drink alcohol on an empty stomach. Too much alcohol can cause either hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) or Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)
Regular eye tests (at least once a year) are important for people with type 1 diabetes as they will pick up any signs of Diabetic retinopathy. Retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes as it can be caused by having a high level of blood glucose for a long period of time. If left untreated, it can eventually cause blindness.
If you have diabetes you are more likely to develop foot problems such as foot ulcers, which can cause serious infection. This is because you may not be able to feel any grazes, cuts or blisters if there is damage to the nerves in your feet.
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